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Wayanad has a long and rich history. The rock carvings in Edakkal Cave in Ambukuthi Hills in Ambalavayal Panchayat, shed light on a rich culture that dates back to the New Stone Age. But the songs of the Tribals(the indigenous people of Wayanad), point to the time that goes beyond the New Stone Age. Nomadic Tribes lived a life in harmony with the nature and down the time line followed by kings and then by the British.

The District of Wayanad, a tri-junctional area situated between Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu states and between the plateau and coast, interjected with hills, forests and fertile valleys, is in the north-eastern   part of Kerala, and covers over 2126 square kilometers. It is 700 to 2100 metres above the mean sea level and it has the highest concentration of tribals in Kerala. The forest covers 37 per cent of the geographical area. The name Wayanad has been derived from the expression 'Vayal nadu' - the village of paddy fields.


Wayanad has a salubrious mountain climate. The average rainfall in the district is 2500 m.m. Lakkidi is the highest rainfall area in Wayanad, which receives an annual rainfall of 3500 mm. The mean maximum and minimum temperature is 29 degree Celsius and 18 degree Celsius respectively. The green paradise has a high relative humidity, which peaks up to 95 per cent during the south-west monsoon period.

 Flora and Fauna

Wayanad is a biodiversity rich region and a “hot spot” in the Western Ghats blessed with rich endemic flora and fauna. The flora of Wayanad are characteristics of the Western Ghats. There are more than 100 species of Orchids some of which are included in the “Red Data Book” and need protection. There are more endemic flowering plants than in any other region in the Western Ghats. The region will be the envy of any botanist. Coffee, Tea, Ginger, Cardamon and other spices plantations are common sight in the district.

One can more often see the gentle giant of the wild, the Asian Tusker, the true king of the forest, the tiger, eopard, bear, bonnet monkeys, mangooses, jungle cats, squirrels, peacocks, hornbills and the like.

  How to Reach: Air

Kozhikode International Airport is the nearest airport at a distance of 100 km.

  How to Reach: Road

NH 212 connects Wayanad to the rest of the state.

  How to Reach: Rail

The nearest railway station is located at Kozhikode at a distance of 70 km.


Located in the North-eastern part of Kerala, Wayanad is a land-locked district bordered by Coorg, Malappuram, Kozhikode and Kannur districts. Wayanad is at a distance of about 67 km from Kozhikode.